Every type of building needs some type of ventilation system. Whether the property is a residential home, a large office, or commercial buildings such as hotels, hospitals, schools or restaurants etc.
Ventilation is very important for smoke control, it can save lives and stop you inhaling deadly toxins. There are generally three different types of ventilation options for smoke control. The three options include smoke, natural, and mechanical ventilation systems. Each type of ventilation system has certain differences and advantages over the other. It is best to learn about them and become familiar with how they operate, before making a decision on which would be better suited for your building or property. Here at Firenso London, we have a range of different smoke control, ventilation systems which may suit your specific needs.
There are are 3 main types of ventilation systems used for smoke control:
Smoke Ventilation Systems
Smoke ventilation systems are best suited for roof tops, smoke shafts, hallways, corridors and stairwells. Smoke ventilation systems are dependable and reliable. They are a key safety feature during a fire; as it will allows the occupants of the building to evacuate the building with minimal risk of smoke inhalation. During a fire, heat and smoke rises upwards; so a strategically placed ventilation system will allow smoke and hot air to escape and allow for emergency exits to be kept clear. Smoke ventilation systems will also help to facilitate the work of emergency services. Commercial buildings such as schools, hotels and hospitals etc; take great benefit from smoke ventilation systems, as this type of system is an ideal choice for tall or high-rise buildings.
Natural Ventilation System
Natural ventilation systems are mainly used in residential buildings. These smoke control systems are available in a range of options, so you can purchase the one that best suits your property requirements. Natural ventilation systems do not work with motorised fans, so they are very cost-effective in the long run. Buildings with natural ventilation, benefit from the fact that warm air rises up by allowing it to escape through vents, thus lowering the internal temperature. This is beneficial if a small fire breaks out as it allows hot air and smoke to escape and lets the cooler, natural air enter the building in order to cool down the temperature inside. This provides a safe exit for occupants to evacuate the building. Natural ventilation systems are not as effective as engineered ventilation, they are more suited to smaller buildings; as the smoke cannot be sufficiently ventilated in larger areas with the natural system. Another natural ventilation option is a Cross ventilation system. This system can be used for smoke control but you are required to have your windows open; as cross ventilation draws in fresh air through windows and draws hot air out through the vents. Again, this type of system is only suitable for relatively smaller buildings or residential properties.
Mechanical Ventilation Systems
When a natural ventilation system is not a suitable option for your property, you may be able to use a mechanical ventilation system. Mechanical ventilation systems are best suited for buildings and spaces which cannot fully benefit from the natural air flow. In the case of a fire, mechanical systems use fans to efficiently draw out the smoke and then pump in clean, fresh air from outside. This allows occupants to safely escape the building with minimal smoke inhalation.
If you are unsure about which smoke ventilation system is best suited to your property, then it is recommended that you discuss your specific requirements with us here at Firenso London. We will help you choose the best possible solution to your ventilation requirements and give you valuable information on your safest and efficient options.